UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI EXTENSION
 

Missouri Cotton Facts

Average value of Missouri cotton production between 2012 and 2016a $191,004,400

Top Cotton Production States, 2016a
RankUS State
1Texas
2Georgia
3Mississippi
4Arkansas
5Alabama
6Oklahoma
7Tennessee
8Missouri
9Arkansas
10North Carolina

Cotton:

  • Missouri grows upland cotton.
  • One bale of cotton is about 500 pounds
  • Cottonseed is a valuable livestock feed.
Map of Missouri Cotton Production by County (2012)

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MissouriHarvested AcresaYieldaAverage Annual Pricea
Record High555 thousand acres in 19531,097 pounds per acre in 2015$0.856/pound in 2011
Record Low90 thousand acres in 1967281 pounds per acre in 1957$0.224/pound in 1970
5-Year Average252.4 thousand acres1,023 pounds per acre$0.73/pound

Cotton Production in Missouri

Cotton production in Missouri has been variable with the maximum acres occurring in the 1950s, followed by a decrease but recovering many acres through the 1990s. Yields have increased 16 lbs/year. Prices have been stagnant so that the value of production has been increasing due mostly to increases in yields.

Click graph to see a larger image

 

 

Genetically Engineered Cotton

Missouri has adopted the use of genetically engineered cotton. The proportion of fields planted to Herbicide tolerant only, insect resistant only and stacked (insect and herbicide) varieties changes from year to year depending on expected pest pressure and relative prices of seeds.

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Cotton Production Efficiency

Missouri cotton yields have increased 16 lbs per year. The pesticide and fertilizer usage graphs below are for the U.S. because Missouri data are not available for all years. Fertilizer usage/acre has been constant but use/bale of cotton has declined since yields/acre have increased. Pesticide usage/acre and per bale of cotton have declined due, in large part, to the adoption of GMO cotton varieties.

Click graph to see a larger image

 

 

2018 Cotton Crop Budgetb

 GMO CottonGMO Cotton
(Irrigated)
Variable CostTotal Cost/AcreTotal Cost/Acre
Seed**$120.00$120.00
Nitrogen28.8028.80
Phosphate13.6017.00
Potash9.8012.60
Limestone14.5014.50
Sulfur--
Boron6.006.00
Pre-Emerge16.0016.00
Post-Emerge32.0032.00
Post-Emerge - Layby--
Insecticide33.0033.00
Boll Weevil Eradication--
Growth Regulator5.0010.00
Defoliation18.0018.00
Ginning (changes with Yield)--
Miscellaneous Overhead12.0012.00
Machinery Fuel28.0028.00
Machinery Repairs33.0033.00
Labor46.0046.00
Irrigation Fuel (Acres Inches)-22.50
Irrigation Repairs-10.00
Irrigation Labor-5.00
Scout8.008.00
Custom Application13.0013.00
Crop Insurance10.0010.00
Interest (½ year at 6.0%)13.4014.86
Total Variable$460.10$510.26
 
Fixed Machinery Cost127.00127.00
Fixed Building & Bins Cost3.003.00
Fixed Irrigation Cost-86.00
Total (Excluding Land)$590.10$726.26
 
Land Real Estate Taxes12.0012.00
Land Interest150.00150.00
 
Total Costs$752.10$888.26
**Seed cost includes Technology Fee
Breakeven Price in Cents/Pound (GMO Cotton)
Yield Lb/AcreVariable CostTotal Cost Excluding LandTotal Cost
480$0.959 $1.229 $1.567
540$0.852 $1.093 $1.393
600$0.767 $0.984 $1.254
660$0.697 $0.894 $1.140
720$0.639 $0.820 $1.045
780$0.590 $0.757 $0.964
840$0.548 $0.703 $0.895
900$0.511 $0.656 $0.836
960$0.479 $0.615 $0.783
1020$0.451 $0.579 $0.737
1080$0.426 $0.546 $0.696
1140$0.404 $0.518 $0.660
1200$0.383 $0.492 $0.627
1260$0.365 $0.468 $0.597
Breakeven Price in Cents/Pound (GMO Cotton - Irrigated)
Yield Lb/AcreVariable CostTotal Cost Excluding LandTotal Cost
720$0.71 $1.01 $1.23
780$0.65 $0.93 $1.14
840$0.61 $0.87 $1.06
900$0.57 $0.81 $0.99
960$0.53 $0.76 $0.93
1020$0.50 $0.71 $0.87
1080$0.47 $0.67 $0.82
1140$0.45 $0.64 $0.78
1200$0.43 $0.61 $0.74
1260$0.41 $0.58 $0.71
1320$0.39 $0.55 $0.67
1380$0.37 $0.53 $0.64
1440$0.35 $0.50 $0.62
1500$0.34 $0.48 $0.59

Cotton Export Datac

The value of total agricultural exports for Missouri in 2016 was $3,629,700,000. The value of cotton exports from Missouri in 2016 was $137,100,000.

Top Cotton Exporting States, 2016
RankMillion $State
11808.0Texas
2569.3Georgia
3283.1California
4194.5Mississippi
5166.9Arkansas
6156.4Alabama
7137.1Missouri
8131.2Oklahoma
9106.9North Carolina
10104.5Arizona

 

Missouri County Yields (2007-2016)a

CountyAverageMaximum*Minimum*
Yield (lbs/ac)Yield (lbs/ac)YearYield(lbs/ac)Year
Dunklin1004113120158282007
New Madrid1074123320109342013
Pemiscot89496520167402009
Stoddard1060130520079342013
* Maximum and minimum years may not be accurate due to USDA county grouping process.

Sources

  1. USDA NASS (used total production in pounds to determine rank)
  2. University of Missouri Extension - Southeast Missouri Crop Budgets
  3. USDA Economic Research Service